The Canon of Judo (Book)

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TitleThe Canon of Judo: Classic Teachings on Principles and Techniques
Author(s)Kyuzo Mifune
Translator(s)Françoise White
EditionFirst Edition (June 11, 2004)
Other EditionsCanon of Judo (Book)
Dimensions10.3 x 7.8 x 0.9 inches
PublisherKodansha International

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This edition of the book is based on the revised edition of the the original book, "Canon of Judo". The original book was published by Seibundo Shinkosha Publishing (Tokyo) and was translated by K. Sugai. The cover of the original book was made out of the judo uniform material.


Differences in Classification[edit]

Here is a list of different names used in classification compared to the Kōdōkan and the IJF.

Classification of Throwing Techniques
Canon of Judo Kōdōkan IJF Notes
Ura-waza No official name (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Ashi-harai (Ashi-barai) No official name (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Soto-morote Morote-gari Not officially named (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Idaki-sutemi Ura-nage Not officially named (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Ganseki-otoshi Seoi-nage or Seoi-otoshi Not officially named (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Ushiro-guruma Similar to Ashi-guruma No official name (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Te-guruma Sukui-nage Not officially named (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Hasami-gaeshi Kani-basami Prohibited by the Kōdōkan and IJF
Tobi-goshi Ō-goshi Not officially named (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Ude-gaeshi Yoko-wakare also Ude-hishigi-te-gatame (Not officialy named (Kōdōkan or IJF))
Tama-guruma Similar to Kata-guruma No official name (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Tsurikomi-goshi Tsuri-komi-goshi or Sode-tsuri-komi-goshi
Seoi-nage Ippon-seoi-nage or Seoi-nage
O-tsuri-goshi Tsuri-goshi
Ko-tsuri-goshi Tsuri-goshi
Classification of Grappling Techniques
Canon of Judo Kōdōkan IJF Notes
Hon-kesa-gatame Kesa-gatame
Ushiro-kesa-gatame Kuzure-kesa-gatame Ushiro-kesa-gatame
Ura-kesa-gatame Kesa-gatame
Ura-gatame No official name (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Tachiai-ude-hishigi-ude-gatame ude-hishigi-ude-gatame Not officially named by the Kōdōkan or IJF
Ude-hishigi-tai-gatame Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame Not officially named by the Kōdōkan or IJF
Ude-hishigi-kata-osae-tai-gatame Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame Not officially named by the Kōdōkan or IJF
Ao-muke-gata-ude-hishigi Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame Not officially named by the Kōdōkan or IJF
Ashi-hishigi Prohibited by the Kōdōkan and IJF
Kesa-gata-sankaku-gatame-ude-hishigi Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame Not officially named by the Kōdōkan or IJF
Kuzure-tate-shiho-gatame Tate-shiho-gatame
Ura-juji-jime Kata-jūji-jime
Mae-hadaka-jime Hadaka-jime
Sode-guruma Sode-guruma-jime
Tawara-jime Okuri-eri-jime
Hasami-jime Sode-guruma-jime Not officially named (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Ude-hishigi-betsu-gata Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame
Hiza-gatame-betsu-gata No official name (Kōdōkan or IJF)
Sankaku-gatame-ude-hishigi Ude-hishigi-jūji-gatame
Ashi-garami Prohibited by the Kōdōkan and IJF

Table of Contents[edit]

    • Forward to the Original Edition
    • NOTES
      • History of Judo
      • The Origin of "Jutsu" (Technique), and Its Transition to "Do" (Way)
      • History of the Kodokan
      • The True Meaning of Judo
      • Two Key Elements
      • Key to Acquiring Judo
      • Reason in Harmony with Nature
      • Competition in Judo
      • Judo is a Manifestation of Truth
      • The Essence of Judo Practice
      • Five Main Points
      • Seven Disciplines
      • The Essentials of Technique


    1. Rules before Entering Waza
      • Spirit in Rei (Mutual Respect, Bowing)
      • Correct Way of Sitting
      • Zarei (Sitting Bow)
      • Ritsurei (Standing Bow)
    2. Postures
      • Basic Natural Posture (Shizen-hontai)
      • Right Natural Posture (Migi-shizentai)
      • Left Natural Posture (Hidari-shizentai)
      • Mental Attitude in Defense Posture (Jigotai no Kokoro-gamae)
      • Basic Defense Posture (Jigo-hontai)
      • Right Defense Posture (Migi-jigotai)
      • Left Defense Posture (Hidari-jigotai)
    3. Warm-up and Cool-down Exercises
        • Push-up
        • Push-up Turning Left and Right
        • Spring Forward
        • Upper Body Stretch
        • Left and Right Turn of the Upper Body
        • Leg Sweep Practice
        • Side Turn, Facing Up
        • Crawling Exercise
        • Bending Stretch, Facing up
        • Sitting Stretch for Upper Body
        • Side Stretches, Right and Left
        • Upper Body, Forward and Backward Stretch
        • Deep Breathing
        • The Author's Mottos for Judo
    4. Breakfalls — Ukemi
      • Practice Methods for Breakfalls
        • Forward-roll Breakfall
        • Backward-roll Breakfall
        • Right/Left-side Breakfast
    5. The Meaning of Kuzushi (Breaking Balance)
      • Method and Understanding of Kuzushi
      • Kuzushi Practice
      • Direct Front Kuzushi
      • Direct Rear Kuzushi
      • Right Front Corner, Left Front Corner Kuzushi
      • Right Rear Corner, Left Rear Corner Kuzushi
      • Right-side Kuzushi/Left-side Kuzushi
    6. The Meaning of Free Practice (Randori)
    7. The Meaning of Form (Kata)
    8. Essential Points to Master
    9. Tsukuri and Kake (Positioning to Throw and Execution of Throw)
      • Synchronization of Arm, Leg, and Hips
    10. Opportunity and Method to Apply Technique
    11. Philosophy of Winning


    • The First Principle
      1. Forward Foot Sweep (Deashi-harai)
      2. Knee Wheel (Hiza-guruma)
      3. Floating Hip Throw (Uki-goshi)
      4. Supporting Foot Lift-pull Throw (Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi)
      5. Large Outer Reap (Osoto-gari)
      6. Lifting Hip Throw (Tsuri-goshi)
      7. Body Drop (Tai-otoshi)
      8. Lift-pull Hip Throw (Tsurikomi-goshi)
    • The Second Principle
      1. Small Inner Reap (Kouchi-gari)
      2. Hip Wheel (Koshi-guruma)
      3. Small Outer Reap (Kosoto-gari)
      4. Large Hip Throw (O-goshi)
      5. Shoulder Throw (Seoi-nage)
      6. Large Inner Reap (Ouchi-gari)
      7. Small Outer Hook (Kosoto-gake)
      8. Hip Sweep (Harai-goshi)
    • The Third Principle
      1. Inner Thigh Reaping Throw (Uchi-mata)
      2. Hip Spring (Hane-goshi)
      3. Springing Wraparound Throw (Hane-makikomi)
      4. Lift-pull Foot Sweep (Harai-tsurikomi-ashi)
      5. Circular Throw (Tomoe-nage)
      6. Scooping Throw (Sukui-nage)
      7. Leg-wheel (Ashi-guruma)
      8. Back Hip Throw (Ushiro-goshi)
    • The Fourth Principle
      1. Side Wheel (Yoko-guruma)
      2. Large Outer Wheel (Osoto-guruma)
      3. Floating Drop (Uki-otoshi)
      4. Hip Shift (Utsuri-goshi)
      5. Floating Throw (Uki-waza)
      6. Valley Drop (Tani-otoshi)
      7. Side Drop (Yoko-otoshi)
      8. Side Body Drop (Yoko-gake)
    • The Fifth Principle
      1. Back Throw (Ura-nage)
      2. Corner Drop (Sumi-otoshi)
      3. Side Seperation (Yoko-wakare)
      4. Large Wheel (O-guruma)
      5. Foot Sweep (Okuri-ashi-harai)
      6. Corner Throw (Sumi-gaeshi)
      7. Shoulder Wheel (Kata-guruma)
      8. Outer Wraparound Throw (Soto-makikomi)


    • Scarf Hold (Kesa-gatame)
    • Basic Scarf Hold (Hon-kesa-gatame)
      • Variation of Scarf Hold (Kuzure-kesa-gatame)
      • Rear Scarf Hold (Ushiro-kesa-gatame)
      • Back Scarf Hold (Ura-kesa-gatame)
    • Shoulder Hold (Kata-gatame)
      Top Four-corner Hold (Kami-shiho-gatame)
      • Shoulder Hold (Kata-gatame)
      • Top Four-corner Hold (Kami-shiho-gatame)
      • Broken Top Four-corner Hold (Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame)
      • Side Locking Four-corner Hold (Yoko-shiho-gatame)
      • Back Hold (Ura-gatame)
      • Vertical Four-corner Hold (Tate-shiho-gatame)
      • Broken Vertical Four-corner Hold (Kuzure-tate-shiho-gatame)


    • Cross Lock
    • One-hand Cross Lock (Katate-juji-jime)
    • Reverse Cross Lock (Gyaku-juji-jime)
    • Normal Cross Lock (Nami-juji-jime)
    • Rear Cross Lock (Ura-juji-jime)
    • Naked Lock (Hadaka-jime)
    • Front Naked Lock (Mae-hadake-jime)
    • Single-wing Lock (Kata-ha-jime)
    • Two-hand Choke (Ryote-jime)
    • Sleeve Wheel Choke (Sode-guruma-jime)
    • Thrust Choke (Tsukkomi-jime)
    • One-hand Choke (Katate-jime)
    • Variation of the One-hand Choke
    • Rice Bale Lock (Tawara-jime)
    • Fastening Choke (Hasami-jime)
    • Sliding Collar Lock (Okuri-eri-jime)
    • The Author's Poem "Sphere"


    • Counter to Basic Scarf Hold (Hon-kesa-gatame no Kaeshi)
    • Counter to Broken Scarf Hold (Kuzure-kesa-gatame no Kaeshi)
    • Shoulder Hold (Kata-gatame) Escape and Reverse
    • Top Four-corner Hold (Kami-shiho-gatame) Defense Method
    • Side Locking Four-corner Hold (Yoko-shiho-gatame) Counter and Reverse
    • Vertical Four-corner Hold (Tate-shiho-gatame) Defense Method
    • Cross Lock (Juji-jime) Defense Method
    • Converting to Cross Lock (Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame) for Defense
    • Sliding Collar Lock (Okuri-eri-jime) Defense Method
        Leg Break (Ashi-kudaki) Defense against Sliding Collar Lock (Okuri-eri-jime) Sliding Collar Lock (Okuri-eri-jime) from Sitting Position
    • Naked Lock (Hadaka-jime) Defense from Standing Position
    • Counter to Standing Cross Lock (Tachi-juji-jime no Kaeshi)
    • Free Mat Practice Situation


    • Entangled Armlock (Ude-garami)
    • Armlock
    • Cross Armlock (Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame)
    • Variation of the Armlock (Ude-hishigi-betsu-gata)
    • Variation of the Knee Hold (Hiza-gatame-betsu-gata)
    • Arm Lock (Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame)
    • Knee Armlock (Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame)
    • Standing Arm Armlock (Tachiai-ude-hishigi-ude-gatame)
    • Body Armlock (Ude-hishigi-tai-gatame)
    • Shoulder and Body Armlock (Ude-hishigi-kata-osae-tai-gatame)
    • Armlock, Lying Down (Ao-muke-gata-ude-hishigi)
    • Triangle Armlock (Sankaku-gatame-ude-hishigi)
    • Entangled Leglock (Ashi-garami)
    • Leglock (Ashi-hishigi)
    • Scarf Hold Triangle Armlock (Kesa-gata-sankaku-gatame-ude-hishigi) Defense Method
    • Three EffectiveMethods to Escape the Cross Armlock (Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame)
    • Leglock (Ashi-hishigi) Defense Method


    • The Way to Hold an Opponent Down
    • Method to Enter a Hold-down Technique (Osae-komi)
    • Method to Counter a Hold-down Technique (Osae-komi)
    • How to Escape the Top Four-corner Hold (Kami-shiho-gatame)
    • Variation Pinning Method for Broken Top Shoulder Hold (Kuzure-kami-kata-gatame)
    • How to Reverse Hold the Opponents Leg (An Example)
      • Variation in Entering
    • Hold Down (Variation of the Broken Scarf Hold)
    • Method to Prevent the Opponent from Entering In


    • Techniques for Defense, Counter, and Change
    • Foot Sweeping (Ashi-harai)
    • Small Outer Hook (Kosoto-gake)
    • Knee Wheel (Hiza-guruma)
    • Supporting Foot Lift-pull Throw (Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi)
    • Small Inner Reap (Kouchi-gari)
    • Large Inner Reap (Ouchi-gari)
    • Inner Thigh Reaping Throw (Uchi-mata)
    • Main Points to Avoiding Hip Techniques
    • Floating Hip Throw (Uki-goshi)
    • Large Outer Reap (Osoto-gari)
    • Large Hip Throw (O-goshi)
    • Side Drop (Yoko-otoshi)
    • Lift-pull Foot Sweep (Harai-tsurukomi-ashi)
    • Shoulder Throw (Seoi-nage)
    • Hip Wheel (Koshi-guruma)
    • Hip Sweep (Harai-goshi)
    • Body Drop (Tai-otoshi)
    • Circular Throw (Tomoe-nage)
    • Floating Drop (Uki-otoshi)
    • Rice Bale Counter (Tawara-gaeshi)
    • Outer Wraparound Throw (Soto-makikomi)
    • Inner Wraparound Throw (Uchi-makikomi)
    • Hip Spring (Hane-goshi)
    • Back Hip Throw (Ushiro-goshi)
    • Large Wheel (O-guruma)
    • Floating Throw (Uki-waza)
    • Shoulder Wheel (Kata-guruma)
    • Belt Drop (Obi-otoshi), Scooping Throw (Sukui-nage)
    • Lifting Hip Throw (Tsuri-goshi)
    • Corner Throw (Sumi-gaeshi)
    • Valley Drop (Tani-otoshi)
    • Outer Two-hand Reap (Soto-morote-gari)
    • Large Outer Drop (Osoto-otoshi)
    • Hug Sacrifice (daki-sutemi)
    • Lift-pull Hip Throw (Tsurikomi-goshi)


    • Adaption and Continuation
    • Heel Trip (Kibisu-gaeshi)
    • Two-hand Reap (Morote-gari)
    • Shoulder Drop (Seoi-otoshi)
    • Rice Bale Counter (Tawara-gaeshi)
    • High Lift and Seperate (Daki-wakare)
    • One-hand Drop (Kuchiki-taoshi)
    • Large Outer Drop (Osoto-otoshi)
    • Pulling-in Counter (Hikikomi-gaeshi)
    • Belt Drop (Obi-otoshi)
    • Inner Wraparound Throw (Uchi-makikomi)
    • Shoulder Throw Hip Sweep (Yama-arashi)
    • Rock-drop (Ganseki-otoshi)
    • Rear Wheel (Ushiro-guruma)
    • Hand Wheel (Te-guruma)
    • Outer Two Hands (Soto-morote)
    • Fastening Counter (Hasami-gaeshi)
    • Flying Hip (Tobi-gaeshi)
    • Hugging Sacrifice (Idaki-sutemi)
    • High Lift (Daki-age)
    • Arm Counter (Ude-gaeshi)
    • Swallow Counter (Tsubame-gaeshi)
    • Sphere Wheel (Tama-guruma)


    • Hand Techniques (Te-waza)
      1. Uke: Floating Drop (Uki-otoshi),
        Tori: Body Drop (Tai-otoshi)
      2. Uke: Shoulder Throw (Seoi-nage),
        Tori: Side Wheel (Yoko-guruma)
      3. Uke: Shoulder Wheel (Kata-guruma),
        Tori: Corner Throw (Sumi-gaeshi)
      4. Uke: Body Drop (Tai-otoshi),
        Tori: Small Hip Throw (Kotsuri-goshi)
      5. Uke: Belt Drop (Obi-otoshi),
        Tori: Large Wheel (O-guruma)
    • Foot and Leg Techniques (Ashi-waza)
      1. Uke: Foot Sweep (Okuri-ashi-harai),
        Tori: Swallow Counter (Tsubame-gaeshi)
      2. Uke: Small Inner Reap (Kouchi-gari),
        Tori: Knee Wheel (Hiza-guruma)
      3. Uke: Large Inner Reap (Kouchi-gari),
        Tori: Counter to Large Inner Reap (Ouchi-gari-gaeshi)
      4. Uke: Supporting Lift-pull Throw (Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi),
        Tori: Corner Drop (Sumi-otoshi)
      5. Uke: Inner Thigh Reaping Throw (Uchi-mata),
        Tori: Body Drop (Tai-otoshi)
    • Hip Techniques (Koshi-waza)
      1. Uke: Hip Spring (Hane-goshi),
        Tori: Reap Counter (Kari-gaeshi)
      2. Uke: Hip Sweep (Harai-goshi),
        Tori: Hip Throw (Ushiro-goshi)
      3. Uke: Half-hip Shift (Han-goshi),
        Tori: Hip Shift (Utsuri-goshi)
      4. Uke: Floating Hip Throw (Uki-goshi),
        Tori: Side Seperation (Yoko-wakare)
      5. Uke: Large Hip Throw (O-goshi),
        Tori: One-arm Shoulder Throw (Ippon-seoi-nage)


    1. Breath Resuscitation (Kokyu-katsu)
      1. Lapel Method (Eri-katsu)
      2. Supine Method (Gyogai-katsu)
    2. First Aid for Groin Injuries (Kogan-katsu)
    3. Drowning Resuscitation (Dekisui-katsu)
    4. The Authors Mottos